The BEM project is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) through the International Climate Initiative Program (IKI) and funded by the Department of Electricity and Renewable Energy and implemented by GIZ. The BEM project is implemented from 2019 to 2023 to develop the prerequisites for the sustainable use of bioenergy for electricity and heat generation in Viet Nam.
Project activities include: Improving the legal framework for biomass energy development; improve the capacity of financial institutions, related organizations, private enterprises and individuals involved in this development process; promote technology cooperation, research and development among domestic and foreign stakeholders in the field of biomass energy.
The first secretary of the German Embassy Joerg Rueger affirmed: “The BEM project plays an important role in supporting the Vietnamese Government to increase the proportion of biomass energy in the country. Wind and solar energy have shown their ability to thrive in Viet Nam while biomass energy has not been fully exploited. Biomass energy is considered to be an important pillar in the sustainable energy conversion process by making the most of the sources of agricultural residues such as bagasse for electricity generation, contributing to climate protection. The growing number of biomass power plants will help Vietnam achieve its Self-Determined National Contribution (NDC). ”
BEM will support the implementation to achieve the renewable energy targets outlined in the revised Power Development Plan VII, the Green Growth Strategy and the Politburo's Resolution No. 55/NQ-TW on Vietnam National Energy Development Strategy orientation to 2030, with a vision to 2045.
The BEM project is also expected to directly benefit policy makers, central and provincial officials as well as the private sector including biomass energy investors and local consulting companies. In addition, the BEM project also contributes to promoting the use of biomass resources for heat and electricity production in Viet Nam ... Accordingly, the indirect and long-term beneficiaries of the project are industrial electricity and heat users - beneficiaries of sustainable, clean and economically efficient renewable energy sources ...
Viet Nam has great potential for biomass energy production thanks to the available resources from post-harvest by-products and processing of agro-forestry products. Waste such as bagasse, straw, rice husk, coffee, coconut shell, sawdust, ... and many other agricultural and industrial accessories can be used to produce biomass energy. To exploit that potential, Viet Nam has issued mechanisms and policies to encourage biomass power development since 2014 and amendments to 2020 to encourage private investment in this sector. It is expected that Viet Nam will reach the target of 2.1% of biomass electricity production by 2030.
“The development of biomass energy helps Viet Nam adapt to climate change. Because biomass and biogas is one of the options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This is also consistent with Vietnam's "green economy" development strategies. In particular, focusing on encouraging green technology energy and developing low carbon technology (converting waste into energy). On the other hand, the BEM project also promotes the issuance of more incentive mechanisms for the development of biomass power projects, development of biogas power projects ... ", experts said.